News Update


The phase of El Nio weather that warms the world has started.

El Nio, a natural weather occurrence, has started in the Pacific Ocean and will probably add heat to a globe that is already warming due to climate change.

US scientists verified the onset of El Nio. According to experts, it’s expected to make 2024 the hottest year on record.

They worry that it will contribute to the planet exceeding the crucial 1.5C warming threshold.

Additionally, it will have an impact on global weather, possibly bringing drought to Australia, increasing rainfall in the southern US, and diminishing the monsoon in India.

The repercussions of the incident won’t likely end until the spring of next year.

El Nio: What is it?
By 2027, the world is projected to rise past the crucial 1.5C boundary.
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Researchers have been growing more certain that an El Nio event was about to occur in the Pacific Ocean for some months.

According to Adam Scaife, head of long-range projections at the UK Met Office, “it’s ramping up now, there have been signs in our predictions for several months, but it really looks like it will peak at the end of this year in terms of its intensity.”

“It’s entirely possible that the world’s temperature will set a new record in 2019. The size of the El Nio will determine whether or not we set a new record for the world’s temperature in 2024; a huge El Nio at the end of this year increases our chances of doing so.

On Earth, this natural occurrence causes the strongest climate system volatility.

There are three distinct phases of the El Nio Southern Oscillation, or ENSO as it is officially known: hot, cold, or neutral.

wind cleanup
Workers in Peru tidy up following a storm at a coastline El Nio had an effect on the seashore.
Every two to seven years, the ocean goes through a hot phase known as El Nio, during which warm waters off the coast of South America rise to the surface and spread over the ocean, forcing a substantial quantity of heat upward into the atmosphere.

Typically, the year following a potent El Nio event will be exceptionally warm, as was the case in 2016, which was the hottest year on record.

To determine when this hot phase is here, weather agencies from all around the world employ many factors.

According to US scientists, the definition of a “global warming event” is for the ocean to be 0.5C hotter than normal for a month, for the atmosphere to be seen reacting to the heat, and for there to be proof the event is continuing.

In the month of May, these requirements were satisfied. El Nio conditions are present, according to a statement from the National Ocean and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) of the United States.

“This signal is quite weak. However, according to Michelle L’Heureux, a scientist at NOAA, “we think that we’re starting to see these conditions and that they will continue to intensify.”

“Our weekly value was actually 0.8C this past week, which is even stronger.”

picture caption
El Nio will certainly cause portions of Asia to experience heat and dryness.
By the end of this year, this event has an 84% chance of becoming stronger than moderate strength, according to the experts.

Additionally, they claim that this event has a one in four probability of reaching a peak temperature of 2C or above, which would qualify as a “super El Nio.”

The effects of the beginning of El Nio will probably take a few months to manifest, but they will be felt globally.

These, according to researchers, will likely include drier weather in Australia and other regions of Asia, as well as a possible weakening of the monsoon in India. The upcoming winter is predicted to be wetter across southern US states. Typically, El Nio worsens the drought conditions in Africa.

If past events are any indication, this impending weather catastrophe will have a significant negative economic and human impact.

The strong El Nio of 1997–1998 cost over $5 trillion and resulted in about 23,000 storm and flood-related deaths.

Additionally, there is a good chance that this year’s edition will make 2024 the hottest year on record, surpassing 2016.

a forest fire’s smoke
Image caption: Forest fire smoke is drastically affecting New York
Currently, the average global temperature is about 1.1C higher than it was between 1850 and 1900.

The planet might enter unknown temperature zone and come dangerously close to breaching the symbolic 1.5C guard rail, a major component of the Paris Climate Agreement, if an El Nio event adds up to 0.2C to that figure.

According to current research, it is more likely than not that this limit will be momentarily broken in the upcoming years.

According to Michelle L’Heureux, “We’re actually likely to see global mean temperatures that might become more of a regular thing in five to ten years from now,” thus it does provide us with a glimpse into the future.

And given that these are our new standards, I believe that’s why it’s disturbing to certain people. El Nio is acting as an accelerator in that.


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